19 Kinds Of Classic Hanfu Of Various Dynasties In China - Fashion Hanfu (2022)

Hanfu is the Chinese traditional national costume. It covers a wide range of time. Different dynasties have different styles of Hanfu. This article will sort out the most classic Hanfu styles of each dynasty so that you can quickly understand the classic Hanfu styles of each dynasty.

Qin and Han Dynasties

The Qin and Han Dynasties are the two unified dynasties in Chinese history, the first imperial era in Chinese history. After the unification of China in the Qin Dynasty, the dress system was established, and the standard etiquette of Han clothing was more obvious.

The clothes of the Qin and Han Dynasties mainly inherited the influence of the Zhou Dynasty, and still took the robe as the typical clothing style, which was mainly divided into straight trains and curved trains. In daily life, the difference between men and women is not significant. Both men and women wear wide sleeves with large lapels. The difference is that men tie leather belts around their waists, while women tie them only with ribbons.

19 Kinds Of Classic Hanfu Of Various Dynasties In China - Fashion Hanfu (1)
19 Kinds Of Classic Hanfu Of Various Dynasties In China - Fashion Hanfu (2)

Wei and Jin Dynasties

During the Wei and Jin Dynasties, influenced by social politics, economy, and culture, the style of Hanfu was free and easy, simple and elegant, and light and elegant.

The tops are usually loose, with wide cuffs and simple patterns, mainly based on color matching. The lower body is more complicated, mainly in a skirt, but on the whole, it is still natural and elegant.

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19 Kinds Of Classic Hanfu Of Various Dynasties In China - Fashion Hanfu (4)

Tang Dynasty

In the Tang Dynasty, because of the social atmosphere of “national unity and economic prosperity” and the strong inclusiveness to beauty, the style of Hanfu at that time could be said to be blooming.

Tang made Hanfu has inherited many characteristics of previous dynasties’ costumes, such as the meticulous costumes of the Zhou Dynasty, the elegant costumes of the Wei and Jin Dynasties, and the lively costumes of the Han Dynasty.

On this basis, it has built a beautiful and moving prosperous age of the Tang Dynasty with its unique grace and magnificence and various gorgeous makeup, which makes Tang-made Hanfu still particularly popular.

(Video) Tradition goes modern: A brief history of Hanfu's styles

Tang – Qixiong Ruqun (齐胸襦裙)

The Qixiong Ruqun was very popular in the prosperous Tang Dynasty. The upper part was a single-layer shirt, and the lower part was usually matched with a pleated skirt, a broken skirt, a colored skirt, and so on. No matter which one, it can match with a different flavor.

19 Kinds Of Classic Hanfu Of Various Dynasties In China - Fashion Hanfu (5)
19 Kinds Of Classic Hanfu Of Various Dynasties In China - Fashion Hanfu (6)

Tang – Qiyao Ruqun (齐腰襦裙)

Qiyao Ruqun can be divided into Jiaoling Qiyao Ruqun (交领齐腰襦裙) and Zhiling Qiyao Ruqun (直领齐腰襦裙). According to the wearer, it can be divided into women’s Qiyao Ruqun and men’s Qiyao Ruqun.

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19 Kinds Of Classic Hanfu Of Various Dynasties In China - Fashion Hanfu (8)

Tang – Tanling Ruqun (坦领襦裙)

As the Hu culture was widely popular among all classes in the Tang Dynasty, it became a fashion for women in the Tang Dynasty to wear small-sleeved clothes.

The features of the Tanling Ruqun (坦领襦裙) are inherited from the Sui Dynasty. It is generally tight, with a tan collar and narrow sleeves, but gradually increases the opening of the jacket, reflecting the women’s chest curve.

19 Kinds Of Classic Hanfu Of Various Dynasties In China - Fashion Hanfu (9)

Tang – Yuanling Robe (圆领袍)

Because in ancient times, the most common form of Hanfu worn by emperors and officials was the round neck robe(Yuanling Robe). Its wearing method was very wonderful. It could be worn in the round neck style, or the collar could be opened in the style of Hu Fu.

The work of the round neck robe also integrates the characteristics of various ethnic groups, with a full sense of classicism. A pair of trousers can be worn inside the round neck robe as an inner layer, and a leather belt should be added in the middle as a closing treatment. The overall look is natural and unrestrained.

Moreover, it is not only the shape that men can wear but also the one that women often wear. Careful friends can also see that many murals have palace maids wearing round collared robes.

(Video) Chinese Hanfu/Historical Costume from the Warring States Period to the Song Dynasty (475 BC-AD1279)

19 Kinds Of Classic Hanfu Of Various Dynasties In China - Fashion Hanfu (10)
19 Kinds Of Classic Hanfu Of Various Dynasties In China - Fashion Hanfu (11)

Song Dynasty

In the Tang Dynasty, the atmosphere was open and the clothing absorbed many characteristics of Hu Fu. However, in the Song Dynasty, people turned to advocate frugality and elegance. Therefore, the clothing style in this period was more simple and implicit.

Song Bei Zi, song Ku, and song Baidie skirt (百迭裙) are the three main daily costumes in Song Dynasty.

Song – Beizi/Song Ku (褙子/宋裤)

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Song – Beizi/Baidie Skirt (褙子/百迭裙)

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Song – Yuanling Robe ( 圆领袍)

Men in the Song Dynasty also wore round-neck robes. What is the difference between round-neck robes in the Song Dynasty and those in the Tang Dynasty?

The round collar in Song Dynasty looks more scholarly. It not only has a collar button design but also has a flattering collar and a larger neckline, which can reveal the clothes inside.

Compared with the closing cuffs in the Tang Dynasty, the cuffs in the Song Dynasty will become wider and more casual.

19 Kinds Of Classic Hanfu Of Various Dynasties In China - Fashion Hanfu (14)
(Video) Traditional Hanfu in China Fashion Week 2020 - Chu He Ting Xiang

Ming Dynasty

Zhu Yuanzhang, the emperor Taizu of the Ming Dynasty, reformulated the dress system according to the tradition of the Han nationality. The Hanfu of this period not only had the simple style of the Song Dynasty but also inherited the grace of the Tang Dynasty. It was very beautiful.

From modern times to modern times, the national costumes of the Korean, Ryukyu, and Jing ethnic groups (Korean, Ryukyu, and Yue costumes) were also deeply influenced by the costumes of the Ming Dynasty.

Ming – Aoqun (袄裙)

Yuanling Aoqun has long styles and short styles. The most common is a short style. This way of wearing is consistent with the jacket and skirt. The upper jacket is treated with Pipa sleeves, and the lower is a horse face skirt. Generally, the style of the round neck is embroidered with a round embroidery pattern on the chest, which complements each other.

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19 Kinds Of Classic Hanfu Of Various Dynasties In China - Fashion Hanfu (16)

Ming – Yuanling Robe (圆领袍)

Just now we have seen the round-necked robes of the Tang and Song dynasties. Let’s take a look at the round-necked robes of the Ming Dynasty?

In fact, there is little resemblance between the Ming Dynasty’s round collar robe and the Tang Dynasty’s, except for the round collar. Not only the cuffs are made wider, but also the overall style tends to be elegant and natural. Generally, a palace sash is tied at the waist. In order to distinguish it from the previous dynasties, it also has its own name, called Panlingpao (盘领袍).

19 Kinds Of Classic Hanfu Of Various Dynasties In China - Fashion Hanfu (17)

Ming –Zhishen (直身)

Zhishenis a kind of official dress in the Ming Dynasty. In the Ming Dynasty, Zhishen has a high level, and the royal guard’s hall takes Zhishen as a lucky dress.

The Zhishen is slightly more formal than the Taoist robe for occasions. It is very similar to the drag and scatter, and has double pendulums-like ears on both sides.

(Video) Hanfu(汉服) Street Fashion China Douyin/Tik Tok #01

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Ming – Yesa (曳撒)

As one of the men’s clothes in the Ming Dynasty, it is the daily clothes worn by the emperor, his son and all civil and military officials.

The front piece of Yesa (曳撒) is cut separately and the back piece is a whole piece. Horse face pleats are made below the waist. There are small pleats above the large pleats and two pieces of horse ears on the left and right respectively.

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Ming –Flying Fish Suit (飞鱼服)

Flying fish suit is a kind of clothing given by the Ming Dynasty. It is called “Flying fish suit” because of the flying fish patterns on it.

The flying fish suit can be a Yesa (曳撒), a Tieli (贴里), a Zhishen(直身), etc. as long as there is a flying fish pattern, it is called a flying fish suit. So the flying fish suit is not a form, but a gift of the Ming Dynasty.

19 Kinds Of Classic Hanfu Of Various Dynasties In China - Fashion Hanfu (20)

Ming – Taoist Robe (道袍)

There are many Hanfu styles that can be matched with Taoist robes, such as a cloak or Bijia. Many friends heard the word “Taoist Robe”. They didn’t know that they thought it was the clothes worn by Taoist priests. In fact, it was not so. It was just a special call of this kind of Hanfu.

(Video) Getting to Know the Chinese Traditional Clothing - Hanfu

19 Kinds Of Classic Hanfu Of Various Dynasties In China - Fashion Hanfu (21)

From the simplicity and elegance of the Wei and Jin Dynasties to the elegance and splendor of the Tang Dynasty, and from the elegance of the Song Dynasty to the beauty of the Ming Dynasty, China has a long history. Different Hanfu costumes derived from this long history, which dynasty of Hanfu do you like best?

FAQs

How many types of Hanfu are there? ›

Hanfu can be divided into three styles: jacket with skirt, jacket with trousers, and one-piece dress. The most popular style is the jacket with skirt style, which is worn by women.

What dynasty is Hanfu from? ›

The basic form of the Hanfu was established in the Shang Dynasty (1600–1046 BC)… The yi was a narrow-cuffed, knee-length tunic tied with a sash. The shang was a narrow, ankle-length skirt.

What are the different parts of Hanfu called? ›

Different Ways to Wear a Hanfu

A whole set of the Han Chinese Garment has three layers: underwear, an inner garment, and an overcoat. The three layers embrace ten elements: collar, hem, sleeve, lapel, belt, and so on. Also, accessories such as socks, shawls, and jade belts are used on hanfu.

Do Chinese still wear Hanfu? ›

Nowadays, the hanfu is gaining recognition as the traditional clothing of the Han ethnic group, and has experienced a growing fashion revival among young Han Chinese people in China and in the overseas Chinese diaspora.

Who invented Hanfu? ›

Hanfu appeared in China more than three thousand years ago and is said that it was clothing of the legendary Yellow Emperor, a great sage king of ancient China. The basic of Hanfu was developed in time of Shang Dynasty, from 1600BC to 1000BC.

Is Hanfu Chinese or Korean? ›

Hanfu is a general term to describe the traditional Chinese clothing in feudal dynasties ruled by the Han people, the most populous ethnic group in China. The Ming dynasty, which was founded by Zhu Yuanzhang, a Han Chinese, ruled China from 1368 to 1644.

What do Hanfu symbolize? ›

Culture on the Body

They often organize members to wear Hanfu to visit various scenic spots in Jinan. In the eyes of many “Hanfu youth,” Hanfu not only represents the clothing but also provides a connection to traditional culture.

Can men wear Hanfu? ›

Meanwhile, Hanfu styles considered exclusive to women include: Chest-high Ruqun, Daxiushan, Aoqun, Chang Ao, and U-Collar; while styles considered exclusive to men include: Dachang, Daopao, Zhiduo, Lanshan, Tieli, and Yisan/Yesa (again, these lists are by no means exhaustive). Hope this helps!

Can non Chinese people wear Hanfu? ›

If so, do you have the host's permission? If so, then yes, that's fine, as long as the rules of being respectful in your presentation and wearing of it are adhered to. If you're in a school or a company and there are Chinese students or co-workers, then it depends highly on the general culture of the place.

When was Hanfu invented? ›

The evolution of Hanfu is a reflection of the history of Chinese culture. “Hanfu dates far back into history. Generally speaking, it refers to all the clothing of Han Chinese from the pre-Qin period (before 221 B.C.) to the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).

What is the skirt of a Hanfu called? ›

Ruqun (Chinese: 襦裙;) is a set of attire in Hanfu which consists of a short jacket typically called ru (Chinese: 襦; pinyin: rú) worn under a long Chinese skirt called qun (Chinese: 裙; pinyin: qún).

What fabric is Hanfu made of? ›

Traditionally, Hanfu was made of silk or other natural fibers, but almost all commercially made hanfu are made from synthetic fibers due to their easy maintenance and texture.

Can you wear Hanfu everyday? ›

Hanfu traditionally has been worn for special occasions, but the new revival sees it worn simply as part of everyday fashion.

When should I wear Hanfu? ›

After the Qing Dynasty crumbled in 1911 in favor of the Communist rule, China mainly adopt western-style modern clothing—just like the rest of the world—, and so both the Hanfu and the Qipao are not used as day-to-day clothing these days, but are only worn during traditional festivals, religious ceremonies, and as film ...

Why was Hanfu outlawed? ›

A Renewed Sense of Identity. First banned by Manchurian Qing dynasty rulers looking to solidify their power over a larger ethnic group, Hanfu continued to be sidelined during Mao Zedong's era. Traditional Chinese clothing was seen to be a symbol of imperial times and, therefore, against Communist ideals.

What are Chinese outfits called? ›

Traditional Chinese clothing, called Hanfu, dates all the way back to the Han dynasty.

What is the female Chinese dress called? ›

The modernized Chinese dress commonly worn by women in the early decades of the twentieth century is called the qipao. The modernized Chinese dress commonly worn by women in the early decades of the twentieth century is called the qipao.

How do you tie a Hanfu? ›

How to Wear Hanfu | Qixiong Ruqun (齊胸襦裙) from the Tang Dynasty

What is a horse face skirt? ›

Horse-face skirt, ma mian qun in Chinese, is a traditional Chinese skirt that dates back to the Song Dynasty (960-1279). It became popular in the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties due to its functionality and aesthetic style.

What did Chinese royalty wear? ›

Dragon robes were the formal silk robes worn by the emperor, the imperial family and court for ceremonial functions. They were known as dragon robes (long pao) because they were elaborately decorated with the imperial emblem of the five-clawed dragon.

Which came first hanbok or hanfu? ›

Users coming to the magazine's defense claim that the hanbok was merely inspired by the hanfu centuries ago, and that the dress in question is, in fact, the hanfu. One user wrote: “It's Hanfu of Ming style. The Emperor in Ming dynasty bestowed the costume to the Koreans as their formal dress which is called Mianfu.”

What is a Chinese robe called? ›

A Qipao, sometimes referred to as a cheongsam or a “Mandarin gown,” is a classic garment traditionally made from embroidered silk, featuring a high collar and delicate cloth buttons on the front.

Are Hanfu and kimono the same? ›

Other visual clues to differentiate hanfu and kimono include: hanfu sash is typically tied in front while kimono obi is typically tied in back, kimono obi is much wider, thicker, and stiffer than hanfu sash, kimono sleeves are more rectangular while hanfu sleeves are more curved, kimono sleeves are open in the back ...

What's the difference between Hanfu and qipao? ›

“Chinese” clothing is often typified by the qipao (a close-fitting dress also called the cheongsam). However, Hanfu—which is defined as a type of dress from any era when the Han Chinese ruled—is seen in China as a more authentic form of historical clothing.

What is China famous for? ›

The most famous sites include the Great Wall of China, Forbidden City, Summer Palace, Terracotta Army, Mogao Grottoes, Danxia Landforms, and Fujian Tulou.

How do you tie a Hanfu sash? ›

How to Wear Hanfu | Quju Shenyi (曲裾深衣) from the Han Dynasty

Where can you wear Hanfu? ›

It eventually became the everyday form of dress for women until the Cultural Revolution, when it was abandoned in mainland China as a symbol of the West and the bourgeoisie. Nowadays, it is acceptable in mainland China again and is often worn on important formal occasions such as weddings or the Lunar New Year.

Is hanfu popular in China? ›

People wearing hanfu-style dress has become a common sight on the streets of major Chinese cities in recent years as increasing numbers of teenagers and young adults turn to the outfits as both a statement of fashion and cultural identity. Hanfu covers clothes worn during a number of China's historical periods.

Is hanfu a subculture? ›

Thanks to government-backed nationalism supporting cultural identity and sense of belonging praised by the younger generation, hanfu is on its way to become one of the top subcultures in China.

Can I wear a qipao? ›

In contrast to some cultural garments with deeper-level cultural and spiritual significance, like the Native American headdress, qipao is quite neutral in China nowadays as a retro fashion clothing choice, which anyone can wear anywhere, whereas Keziah's critics ascribed it with untouchable reverence.

What did ancient Chinese eat? ›

Food in Ancient China

They ate grains like rice, wheat, and millet. They also ate plenty of meat including pork, chicken, duck, goose, pheasant, and dog. Vegetables included yams, soya beans, broad beans, and turnip as well as spring onions and garlic. They also ate plenty of fish.

What did men wear in ancient China? ›

People in ancient China wore tunics. Women wore long tunics, sometimes with a second tunic over the first. Some worn pants under their tunics. The men worn shorter tunics over pants.

What did Chinese peasants wear? ›

The poor people, or peasants, wore clothing made of hemp. This was a rough material made from plant fibers. It was durable and good for working in the fields. Generally clothes made of hemp were loose fitting pants and shirts.

Are kimonos Japanese or Chinese? ›

Kimono is Japanese traditional & unique dress showing the Japanese sense of fashion. Let's explore the origin of kimono. Japanese kimono (in other words, ”gofuku”) derived from the garments worn in China during the Wu dynasty. From 8th to 11th century, Japanese style of layering silk robes was established.

Can non Chinese people wear Hanfu? ›

If so, do you have the host's permission? If so, then yes, that's fine, as long as the rules of being respectful in your presentation and wearing of it are adhered to. If you're in a school or a company and there are Chinese students or co-workers, then it depends highly on the general culture of the place.

Is Hanfu and Hanbok the same? ›

The most obvious difference between Hanbok and Hanfu is the length of the top. Korean Hanbok's top is clearly much shorter than Chinese Hanfu. What's more, in Hanfu, the dress is attached to the upper outer garment and Hanbok has its upper outer garment on the outside, covering the shirt.

What's the difference between Hanfu and qipao? ›

“Chinese” clothing is often typified by the qipao (a close-fitting dress also called the cheongsam). However, Hanfu—which is defined as a type of dress from any era when the Han Chinese ruled—is seen in China as a more authentic form of historical clothing.

Are Hanfu and kimono the same? ›

Other visual clues to differentiate hanfu and kimono include: hanfu sash is typically tied in front while kimono obi is typically tied in back, kimono obi is much wider, thicker, and stiffer than hanfu sash, kimono sleeves are more rectangular while hanfu sleeves are more curved, kimono sleeves are open in the back ...

What fabric is hanfu made of? ›

Traditionally, Hanfu was made of silk or other natural fibers, but almost all commercially made hanfu are made from synthetic fibers due to their easy maintenance and texture.

Can men wear hanfu? ›

Meanwhile, Hanfu styles considered exclusive to women include: Chest-high Ruqun, Daxiushan, Aoqun, Chang Ao, and U-Collar; while styles considered exclusive to men include: Dachang, Daopao, Zhiduo, Lanshan, Tieli, and Yisan/Yesa (again, these lists are by no means exhaustive). Hope this helps!

How do you tie a hanfu? ›

How to Wear Hanfu | Qixiong Ruqun (齊胸襦裙) from the Tang Dynasty

Which came first hanfu or hanbok? ›

Users coming to the magazine's defense claim that the hanbok was merely inspired by the hanfu centuries ago, and that the dress in question is, in fact, the hanfu. One user wrote: “It's Hanfu of Ming style. The Emperor in Ming dynasty bestowed the costume to the Koreans as their formal dress which is called Mianfu.”

Is hanbok Korean or Chinese? ›

The term "hanbok" literally means "Korean clothing". Due to the isolation from each other for about 50 years, the styles of hanbok in South Korea, North Korea, and China, worn by the Korean ethnics from these three countries have developed separately from each other.

What is a yukata vs kimono? ›

10. What are the Differences Between Kimono and Yukata Fabrics? Broadly speaking, kimono are more often made from silk while yukata are usually made from cotton or linen. The source and quality of the fabric, embellishments, and craftsmanship can increase the value of a kimono or yukata.

What is traditional Chinese dress called? ›

Terminology. As English loanwords, both "cheongsam" and "qipao" describe the same type of body-hugging dress worn by Chinese women, and the words could be used interchangeably.

When can you wear Hanfu? ›

It eventually became the everyday form of dress for women until the Cultural Revolution, when it was abandoned in mainland China as a symbol of the West and the bourgeoisie. Nowadays, it is acceptable in mainland China again and is often worn on important formal occasions such as weddings or the Lunar New Year.

What is a Chinese robe called? ›

A Qipao, sometimes referred to as a cheongsam or a “Mandarin gown,” is a classic garment traditionally made from embroidered silk, featuring a high collar and delicate cloth buttons on the front.

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