January 9, 2016
The Pattern Tutorials, Uncategorized
This is the first of a new year-longFREE sewing coursewhere we will demystify dressmaking patterns. We’ll begin with the basicsso that if you are new to sewing you can join in from the start. We also know that lots of you want to learn new sewingskills so as the year progresses we’ll begin tocover more complex topics so that you will finish with the skills needed to to deal with fitting problems too. In each post we will also have a sewing jargon busting section explainingany terms used that might be confusing. In the first few posts we will explain what all the information on the back of the pattern envelope means, starting with the most exciting part, choosing fabric!
Don’t forget your can search for sewing patterns by fabric type in our shop here. This is really useful if you already have fabric in your stash and you are not sure what you want to make with it.
Why do patterns have fabric suggestionsand where do you find them?
Patterns often suggest fabrics you can use to make the garment you want to sew. This is really helpful if you are new to sewing because it gives you some reassurance that if you make the garment in that fabric, it will have the correct drape, fit and overall look of the picture on the front.
It is entirely up to the pattern designer how much information they give you on the pattern envelope so let’s take a look at twohere.
The Avid SeamstressSheath Dress
The Avid Seamstresslists Lightweight woven, chambray, jerseys, crepes, silk, viscose and cottons.See the fabric types below for a description of these fabric types and ‘sewing jargon explained’ for an explanation of what lightweight wovens are.
Vogue 1350 dress
Vogue Patternslist Silk Twill, Silk Dupioni and Crepe. Unsuitable for obvious diagonals. * With Nap. ** Without Nap.
Find out what obvious diagonals and nap mean below. Both Twill andDupioni are types or silk anddescribe theway the fabrics are weaved and from what materials they are created. See the fabric types below for more examples.
Can I use fabrics that aren’t recommended to make my garment?
It is possible to use fabrics not mentioned for the pattern but be careful, some fabrics are completely unsuitable for certain designs and the results will be unwearable. This is oftentrue for patterns that require knit type fabrics (or not). As your sewing knowledge grows you will develop the skills to judge what fabrics will or won’t work for different pattern styles.
What should I do if my pattern doesn’t have any fabric recommendations?
There are a fewquestions you can ask yourself to help select a suitable fabric for your project:
a.What sort of garment do I want to make?For example if it’s a bikini you will need to find fabric with stretch, elasticity and suitable for use in water but if you want to make a blouse the options are much greater as lots of fabrics could be suitable, such as cotton, crepe, rayon or silk.
b.Should the fabric be light-weight or heavy-weight?And with or without drape? Should it have stretch or not?For example if you want to make a coat, you probably want to use a heavier-weight fabric with some drape such as a wool or if you are making a blouse, a lighter-weight fabric with plenty of drape such as silk. If it’s a tight fitting t-shirt then you will need fabric with some stretch.
Sewing jargon explained
What does fabric ‘drape’ mean and how does this relate to fabric ‘weight’?
How a fabric drapes is how it looks when it hangs, for dressmaking it is important how a fabric hangs on the body as this affects how the garment will look and the intended style. Drape does relate quite strongly to fabric weight but it is not always the case thatheavier weight fabrics have less drape. It is true that stiff fabrics don’t have much drape but softer fabrics do. To test this hang the fabric over something, around your waist works well, and look at how the fabric falls and moves as you walk around. Remember that you can always make a drapey fabric more stiff if you interface it.
What does ‘with nap’ and ‘without nap’ mean?
Think velvet or corduroy, these are fabrics with a pile where the threads lie in a specific direction and this is known as thenap. An example of a fabricwithout a napwould be cotton. If you’ve ever done a bit of fabric stroking of velvet or corduroy you will notice it feels smooth in the direct of thenapbut rough in the opposite directagainst the nap. What is absolutely key here is if you are using a fabricwith nap, all pattern pieces must be placed in the same direction with thenaprunning downwards from neckline to hem. This may increase the amount of fabric that you need, so this is why pattern designers add it to the fabric requirements.
What does ‘not suitable for obvious diagonals’ mean?
You will see this written on quite a lot of patterns, particularly the commercial companies. It means that the style of the pattern would not look good sewn up if the material you used had obvious stripes. This is often because garments are fitted in their style and stripes are very difficult to match along curves. The same applies to obvious motifs was well but not subtle diagonals such the weave of demin, for example. It’s a personal choice whether this is important to you or not but for some styles where stripes don’t match at all it can look a bit odd. If you want to use a fabric with a strong diagonal we suggest you choose a pattern which doesn’t have much shape or centre and princess seams and darts.
Often ‘lightweight woven fabrics’ are listed as a suitable fabric type, whatare these?
Woven fabrics are made from two sets of threads, one runs along the length of the fabric and the other is at right angles across the fabric. They form the fabric structure by being woven over and under each other by weaving. Examples are Chambray, Georgette, cotton lawn, cotton voile and Jacquard. Non-woven fabrics include felt, knits and sequin.
What is the difference between woven and knit fabrics and how can I tell when i’m out shopping?
Above we have explained what woven fabrics are so firstwe will explain the structure of knit fabrics.
Knit fabrics are made from only one thread, which runs in the same direction unlike the two threads that run along either the length or width of a woven fabric. The one thread of a knit fabric can run either across back and forth or the length of the fabric, up and down. Instead of being woven over and under each other, like wovens, the thread is looped and these loops are worked into each other to create the fabric. Close inspection shows that these loops form what looks like rows of braids.
Do the knit vs. woven test – look for stretch, wrinkle resistance and edge design. Although not true for absolutely every fabric, generally speaking knits can bestretched across it’s width and a bit across the length, whereas wovens won’t. Knits also generally don’t wrinkle when you scrunch them up in your hand and will just spring back into shape, whereas wovens will show obvious wrinkles. Finally have a look at the edges, along the long edge of wovens, either side of the width of the fabric (called the selvedge) the don’t fray but the cut edge across the top of the fabric will. For knits, the side edges, will either curl or, if they are flat, this is because the factory will have applied starch/glue to keep them this way. Also the fabric won’t fray along the top cut edge.
What are the main fabric types?
We’ve listed the most common fabric types here, dividing them broadly into four groups relating to drape and weight. Some fabrics fall into more than one category but we have just listed them once. We’ve also added some typical garments that the fabrics are often used to make.
Lighter-weight woven and drapey
Silk– Silk is a natural fibre made from silkworm cocoons and has a shimmering appearance. It is smooth and soft to the touch. It is oftenthe most luxurious and expensive fabric available.
Garments: lingerie, nightwear, blouses, dresses.Made from: Animal fibres. Sewing experience: Intermediate.
Crepe– Crepe can be made fromsilk, wool or synthetic fibres. It has a more structured crisp look and is popular in dressmaking because of it’s excellent drape.
Garments: dresses, skirts, tops.Made from: Manmade (synthetic and artifical fibres) or Animal fibres. Sewing experience: Advanced beginner.
Cotton lawn– lawns are lightweight and breathable and feel smooth to the touch made from 100% cotton plant. It has a soft drape and slightly translucent in appearance.
Garments: dresses, skirts, tops, shorts and can be used for linings.Made from: Plant fibres.Sewing experience: Beginner.
Cotton voile– voiles are similar to lawns in that they are also lightweight and breathable and feel soft against the skin. They are also made from 100% cotton but linen and polyester blends are also available. It is more sheer in appearance.
Garments: linings and homewares.Made from:Plant fibres.Sewing experience: Advanced beginner.
Georgette– Also known as crepe Georgetteand named after French dressmaker Georgette de la Plante, itis sheer and lightweight witha dully grainy look made from silk. It has a great drape for dressmaking.
Garments: tops.Made from: Animal fibres.Sewing experience: Advanced beginner.
Chiffon– Chiffon is one of the most lightweight fabrics and tricky to sew for a beginner. It can be made from cotton, silk or manmade fibres. It appears as a fine mesh with a sheer appearance.
Garments: tops.Made from: Plant fibres, Animal fibres or Manmade (synthetic and artifical fibres).Sewing experience: Intermediate.
Rayon– Rayon (also known as Viscose)is a made from a manmade plant fibre but has the feel of a natural fibre such as silk or cotton.
Garments: tops.Made from: Manmade Plant fibres.Sewing experience: Advanced Beginner.
Satin– Satin fabrics have a shiny right side and dull wrong side. It can be made from silk, nylon or polyester. It has a good drape and structure but not sheer.
Garments: tops, skirts, dresses, lingerie, nightwear, homewares, upholestry.Made from: Plant fibres.Sewing experience:Advanced Beginner.
Lace– Lace is an open delicate fabric made from cotton, linen or silk fibres. It can also be manufactured from synthetic fibres. It is a beautiful fabric and has been used for centuries.
Garments: tops, skirts, dresses, lingerie, bridal.Made from: Plant fibres or Animal fibres.Sewing experience:Advanced Beginner.
Lighter-weight woven andnot very drapey
Taffeta– is structured, stiff and smooth and usually made from silk. The weave of the fabric gives it it’s name and it is this weave that gives the fabric it’s structure.
Garments: bridal and evening wear.Made from: woven silk.Sewing experience: Intermediate
Organza– Organza is usually made from synthetic fibres, although originally silk. It is sheer and light-weight but structured and crisp.
Garments: bridal and evening wear plus accessories.Made from:Manmade(synthetic and artifical fibres).Sewing experience:Advanced Beginner.
Heavier-weight woven and drapey
Linen– Linen fabric is made from flax plant fibres. It is durable, strong and does not stretch. Linens are cool to wear in hot weather, although easily crease but are alsopopular to make a number of accessories.
Garments: trousers, dresses, tops, skirts, accessories, homewares.Made from:Plant fibres.Sewing experience: Beginner.
Gabardine– Gabardine has a smooth wrongside and diagonal ribbed rightside, as do other twill weave fabrics. It is hardwearing and usually made from wool but can also be made from cotton or polyester.
Garments: trousers, coats, uniforms, outerwear.Made from:Plant fibres.Sewing experience: Advanced Beginner.
Velvet– Velvet has a characteristicpile where the threads lie in a specific direction and this is known as thenap. This gives the fabric a distinct smooth feel is you stroke it in the direction of the nap (or not, against the nap). It can be made from natural or synthetic fibres.
Garments:trousers, coats, dresses.Made from: Plant fibres or Manmade (synthetic and artifical fibres).Sewing experience: Intermediate.
Flannel– is a thick but soft woven fabric either made from wool, cotton or synthetic fibres. The fibres are brushed to raise them and giving the soft properties of the surface.
Garments:coats, sleepwear, accessories.Made from: Animal fibres, Plant fibres orManmade (synthetic and artifical fibres).Sewing experience: Beginner.
Also heavier-weight and drapey
Sequin– Sequin fabrics can make glamorous party garments and are made from disk shaped beads, laying flat and stitched onto fabric. They can be a bit tricky to sew, particularly at the seams and have a good drape.
Garments:dresses, skirt, tops, accessories.Made from: Manmade (synthetic and artifical fibres).Sewing experience:Intermediate.
Heavier-weight wovens and not very drapey
Chambray– Chambray fabric is made from cotton or synthetic fibres. It is most often made from blue (or another colour) and white fibres and woven in a checkered or striped pattern. It is structured and heavier weight without much drape.
Garments:tops, shirts, dresses.Made from: Plant fibres or Manmade (synthetic and artifical fibres).Sewing experience: Beginnger.
Sateen– Sateen fabrics are made using cotton or rayon fibres, rather than the silk fibres used to make satin. Sateen has the structure of a cotton with little drape but has a sheen and soft feel.
Garments:tops,shirts, dresses, trousers, homewares, accessories.Made from: Plant fibres or Manmade (synthetic and artifical fibres).Sewing experience:Beginner.
Jacquard– Jacquard type fabrics are woven with silks to produce decorative designs that have a luxurious feel. They are used for upholestry and formal clothing. The fabric is reversible and can be made using silk, wool, linen, cotton or synthetic fibres to form the raised weave design (Brocade/ Damask are the designs).
Garments:upholstery, evening wear, formal wear.Made from: Plant fibres, Animal fibres or Manmade (synthetic and artifical fibres).Sewing experience:Beginner.
Wool– This covers a wide range of textures from soft and warm for clothing (e.g. wool blend for suiting) to heavyweight and tough for outerwear. It can be used for a range of sewing projects and comes in a huge range of colours and weights.
Garments: dresses, pencil skirts, coats, accessories and homewares. Made from: Animal fibres.Sewing experience:Beginner.
Denim– Denim is a strong and durable fabric made from traditionally blue and white 100% cotton threads woven in a twill weave. Have a look at your jeans to see the diagonal twill of the threads. In recent years the fashion for skinny jeans means that other fabrics are now woven into denim such as Lycra for some stretch.
Garments: jackets, jeans, accessories.Made from: Plantfibres.Sewing experience: Advanced Beginner.
Also heavier-weight and not very drapey
Leather– Leather is made from treated animal skins and has waterproof (if treated), warm and long wearing properties. It requires a special needle to sew with. The leather fabric marks once the needle has stitched the surface so you need to be accurate when sewing. Suedeis a type of leather with a nap, made from the underside of the animal skin, as apposed to Leather, which is the topside. It is less durable and marks easily.
Garments: bags, gloves, jackets, skirts, upholstery, homewares. Made from: Animal fibres.Sewing experience: Intermediate.
Felt– Felt can be made from wool making it hardwearing and warm against the elements for garments such as coats but is also made from synthetic fibres for craft projects. It does not fray so can be cut without needing to finish the elements. Feltis formed by pressing fibres together.
Garments: coats, craft projects. Made from: Animal fibresor Manmade (synthetic and artifical fibres)
Knits– There are lots of different types of knit fabrics, so we’ve included the most common ones below. They can be made fromwool, cotton or synthetic fibres.
Jersey knits– the most common type of knit. It’s soft and suitable for garments such as t-shirts. The right side of the jersey fabric is smooth (it is made from knit stitches) whereas the back is is less smooth (as it is made from purl stitches, just like a knitted scarf would be). It stretches across and up/down. Jersey fabrics can be plain or patterned.
Ribbed knits– as the name suggests it has obvious ‘ribs’ along the fabric and is quite stretchy. Again good to tops. Unlike the jersey knit, the appearance of the ribbed knit is created by alternating rows of knit and purl stitches, as it would do when knitting a scarf. The ribbing gives more stretch across than up/down.
Interlock knits– a bit thicker than the jersey, ribbed and spandex knits, this also makes the interlock knit more stable. It is easier for beginners to sew with and can be used to make tops, skirts and dresses. It is a variation on the ribbed knit and formed of two rows of stitches and appears like one row is behind the other but it isn’t a double-knit fabric. Both sides are smooth like jersey, it doesn’t stretch out of shape or curl at the edges.
Lycra and spandex knits– the spandex and Lycra in these knits makes them stretchy but hold their shape well so can be made to be more fitted. They are heavier in weight than the jersey knits. Also good for tops and summer dresses too and widely used for activewear.
Ponte de Roma knits– a thicker and more structured knit fabric which can be less stretchy but is still soft and easy to sew. It’s ideal for wrap dresses as it will stretch but gives a smooth silhouette. You can also use it to make jackets and skirts or a suit. A goodoption for the colder winter months. It is made from a combination of synthetic, rayon and Lycra threads and a double knit. It is usually one colour rather than patterned.
Fleece– Fleece fabric is a very insulating fabric with nap and it’s high performance makes it suitable for outdoor wear. It has a nap and made from synthetic fibres. It is commonly a knit but may also be woven.
Garments: coats, trousers, hats, outdoor wear.Made from: Manmade (synthetic and artifical fibres).Sewing experience: Advanced beginner.
Lycra/ Spandex– Lycra is a trade mark for a synthetic fibre with elastic properties and often used interchangeably with spandex or elastane. It is strong, durable and stretchy.
Garments: swimwear, sportswear and dance wear.Made from: Manmade (synthetic and artifical fibres).Sewing experience: Intermediate.
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Foldlines – a fold line may be marked with just the words or a boxed arrow and indicates that this edge of the pattern piece should be placed along the folded edge of the fabric (where right sides of the fabric are folded against each other with selvedges matching). There is no seam allowance along a fold line.What is fold of fabric? ›
Fabric Folding is a diverse technique. Fabric folding can involve making 3 dimensional flowers, Prairie Points, Pine Cone Quilts, hexagons and Origami like shapes. Fabric folding also can be used to make blocks like Log Cabin and Pinwheels. Many of the techniques have the folded fabric element incorporated in a seam.What is fold pattern? ›
A sewing pattern that has two symmetric sides can be slashed in half and cut on the fold of your fabric. This method is most commonly used for simple front or back patterns and facings where the Center Front or the Center Back corresponds to the fabric's fold.What are fold lines? ›
Folding lines are the lines which the resulting product is folded along. They are visible at the design time on the canvas and proof images but not printed on the hi-res output. Folding lines are extremely useful in such products as leaflets and booklets, which are fulfilled on a single page and then folded.What is a fold line called? ›
A fold is a geologic structure that is formed by layers or beds of rock being bent or folded. The plane that marks the center of the fold is called the axial plane. The line which marks where the axial plane intersects the surface of Earth is called the hinge line.What are the 4 types of fold? ›
A symmetrical fold is one in which the axial plane is vertical. An asymmetrical fold is one in which the axial plane is inclined. An overturned fold, or overfold, has the axial plane inclined to such an extent that the strata on one limb are overturned. A recumbent fold has an essentially horizontal axial plane.What are the 7 types of folds? ›
- Pipe Fold.
- Zigzag Fold.
- Spiral Folds.
- Half-Lock Folds.
- Diaper Folds.
- Drop Folds.
- Inert Folds.
There are three basic types of folds (1) anticlines, (2) synclines and (3) monoclines.What is fold type example? ›
Domes and basins are often considered types of folds. A dome is a series of symmetrical anticlines, roughly shaped like half a sphere. Like an anticline, the oldest rocks in a dome are found in the center. A basin is a depression, or dip, in Earth's surface.What is fold and example? ›
1. : a part doubled or laid over another part : pleat. : a crease made by folding something (such as a newspaper) 3. : something that is folded together or that enfolds.
On the Fold – Represented by a line with arrows pointing in a particular direction, the “on the fold” marking shows you where to position the edge of your pattern piece on a fold of your fabric. This allows you to cut a piece of fabric that is twice as large as the pattern piece.What is cut and fold method? ›
The fold-and-cut theorem states that any shape with straight sides can be cut from a single (idealized) sheet of paper by folding it flat and making a single straight complete cut.Do you cut on a fold line? ›
The answer is NO! Don't cut the fold, because that side doesn't have seam allowance to allow it to be sewn to anything. So when you are getting ready to cut, fold your fabric so that the grain-line is along the fold and place the pattern so the fold edge is along the fabric fold.What are the 6 types of folds? ›
- Pipe Fold. Pipe folds tend to occur on dresses and curtains. ...
- Zig-Zag Fold. ...
- Spiral Fold. ...
- Half-Lock Fold. ...
- Diaper Fold. ...
- Drop Fold.
- Rocks deform by compressive stress into folds.
- A monocline is a simple bend in one-direction.
- In an anticline, rocks arch upward. A three-dimensional anticline is a dome.
- In a syncline, rocks arch downward. A three-dimensional syncline is a basin.
They consist of alternate crests and troughs. The crest of the fold is termed as anticline while the trough is called synclines. An anticline and syncline constitute a fold.What is a simple fold? ›
A simple fold is then a rotation of a folded region in a flat fold- ing about a fold axis back into the plane to form a new flat folding.How does fold form? ›
Folds are commonly formed by shortening of existing layers, but may also be formed as a result of displacement on a non-planar fault (fault bend fold), at the tip of a propagating fault (fault propagation fold), by differential compaction or due to the effects of a high-level igneous intrusion e.g. above a laccolith.What are the basic original folds? ›
The two most important folds and the simplest are the valley fold and the mountain fold. They form the foundation of all origami models. Once you know these two folds, you'll be to fold almost all simple origami models. The next fold is the squash fold.What is 10 fold example? ›
Tenfold Sentence Examples
The sense of power increased tenfold as she entered the mansion. The sugar industry has made great strides, the amount of beetroot used having increased tenfold between 1880 and 1905. The total loss of the Saracens was more than tenfold that of the Christians, who lost but seven hundred men.
- Half Fold (Bi-fold or Single Fold) ...
- Tri Fold (Letter Fold, C Fold) ...
- Z Fold. ...
- Inside Quarter Fold (Double Parallel Fold, Accordion Fold, Quarter Fold) ...
- Quarter Fold (French Fold) ...
- Quarter Pocket Fold (Roll Fold) ...
- Half – Tri Fold. ...
- Half – Z Fold.
Definitions of four-fold. adjective. four times as great or many. synonyms: fourfold, quadruple multiple. having or involving or consisting of more than one part or entity or individual.How many types of fabric folds are there? ›
Pipe folds are found in situations such as dresses and curtains. A series of semi-tubular shapes form as the material hangs free at the opposite end. The folds themselves are usually cylindrical in nature.What is a 3 fold difference? ›
In the words of one of them, “threefold increase means three-times the original value, so it is 1 × 3 = 3”.How the four types of folds are formed? ›
Folds form under varied conditions of stress, hydrostatic pressure, pore pressure, and temperature gradient, as evidenced by their presence in soft sediments, the full spectrum of metamorphic rocks, and even as primary flow structures in some igneous rocks.How do you identify a fold? ›
1) The easiest and simplest way is the eye inspection. If we found any geological structure according to the normal definition of a fold then it can be identified as fold only by direct observation. 2) The repetition and absence of beds also indicates the presence of fold.Which is not a fold type? ›
Explanation: The Himalayas and the Rockies are of recent origin. Hence, they are called young fold mountains. The Aravallis, on the other hand, are comparatively old, so they are called old fold mountains. But Kilimanjaro does not fit into either category; it was formed by a volcanic eruption.Which of the following is a type of fold? ›
Anticline and Syncline- These are types of folds determined by the orientation of the oldest and the youngest rocks. In Anticlines, the oldest rocks are present in its core, whereas, in synclines, the youngest rocks are present near the fold axis.What is fold in technique? ›
It means that you have to carefully combine two mixtures of different thickness and weight into one (relatively) smooth mixture. This is accomplished by a specific technique of using a spoon to lift the two mixtures together, turning them over so they combine.What does 10 fold mean? ›
ten·fold ˈten-ˌfōld. -ˈfōld. : having 10 units or members. : being 10 times as much or as many. tenfold adverb.
In functional programming, fold (also termed reduce, accumulate, aggregate, compress, or inject) refers to a family of higher-order functions that analyze a recursive data structure and through use of a given combining operation, recombine the results of recursively processing its constituent parts, building up a ...What is meant by 2 fold? ›
two·fold ˈtü-ˌfōld. -ˈfōld. : having two parts or aspects. : being twice as great or as many. twofold.What do the lines on patterns mean? ›
Grain lines are generally marked on all pattern pieces and indicate how the pattern piece should be placed on the uncut fabric, in relation to the selvedges. Grain linee are typically placed parallel to the selvedge edge of the fabric.What is a fold line in printing? ›
Folding lines are printed on the visible part of the document (the part that will remain when the document is cut to the right size, for example they are also printed when there is no bleed margin). Unlike guide lines, folding lines are part of the print output, they are printed on either side of the document.What is fold line in drawing? ›
Fold Lines are lines used to represent an object flattened out into a 2D shape, the bend lines are represented by long line and two short dashed line and then a long line again as shown on the left. You should make the line so that end of the line ends with the long dash on both ends.How many times is 5 fold? ›
five times as great or as much. comprising five parts or members.What does fold in mean? ›
(fold something in/into something) to combine things that were previously separate so they can be dealt with together. The bill would fold three agencies into the State Department in a cost-saving plan. Synonyms and related words. To mix things, or to become mixed.What does cut 1 on the fold mean? ›
- “Place on fold” or “Cut 1 on fold” → Line up the fold edge indicated on the pattern with the fold of the fabric. You'll end up cutting one symmetrical piece of fabric from a pattern piece which corresponds to half.What does cut 1 on fold mean in sewing? ›
"Cut one on fold" means you will need one piece of fabric cut according to a half pattern piece. You do not cut along the fold. The pattern piece should align with the fold of the fabric. When cut and unfolded, you will get a piece of fabric that is double the size of the pattern template.What is the difference between a crease and a fold? ›
Creases are lines drawn through movement, gestures retained in a physical form. A crease differs from a fold, not in the end result – though folds imply something neater and more precise than a crease – but in the intentionality of the action, the thought behind the mark.
- “Place on fold” or “Cut 1 on fold” → Line up the fold edge indicated on the pattern with the fold of the fabric. You'll end up cutting one symmetrical piece of fabric from a pattern piece which corresponds to half.What is stitch line? ›
The line where the fabric pieces will be stitched together. When matching up pattern pieces or making pattern adjustments, it is essential to match or adjust the stitching line, not the cutting edge. The stitching line is usually 0.5 to 1.5cm from the cut edge.What is the symbol for grain line? ›
On patterns, the grain line (or grainline) is usually marked with a line with arrows on it, shown below in red. When cutting out, the pattern will be laid with the grain line (or grainline) parallel to the selvedge.What is fold in method? ›
It means that you have to carefully combine two mixtures of different thickness and weight into one (relatively) smooth mixture. This is accomplished by a specific technique of using a spoon to lift the two mixtures together, turning them over so they combine.What is a fold edge? ›
A patented feature on the tape applicator, Folded Edge® Technology folds the edges of the tape as it's applied to the carton. This reinforces seal strength and delivers a ready to open case seal that doesn't require a knife.